[2022 AWARD WINNING PAPER] Effect of food amount and temperature on growth rate and aerobic scope of juvenile chum salmon
2022 Award of Excellence for the Science Papers
Fish Sci (2022) 88:397–409
Yuki Iino, Takashi Kitagawa, Takaaki K. Abe, Tsuyoshi Nagasaka, Yuichi Shimizu, Katsuhiko Ota, Takuya Kawashima & Tomohiko Kawamura
Offshore migration of Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. is partly triggered by increasing body size and high motility in the early stages of life. The survival of juvenile salmon may depend on their growth rate during the first few months in the sea, and this factor partly regulates the dynamics of adult populations. Here, we assessed the effects of water temperature and food availability on the growth of juvenile chum salmon O. keta. In addition, by combining the measurements of metabolic performance for growth and activity (Absolute Aerobic Scope: AAS) with a bioenergetics model, we estimated the energy allocation for different activities in the juveniles. Under high temperatures (14 °C), juveniles reared at low food levels (1% body weight) allocated less than half their energy for growth than those reared at high food levels (4% body weight). These findings suggest that high temperature and low food level constrain the growth of juveniles, providing an insight into the effect of the recent increase in warm and low-nutrient water masses on survival of juveniles and catches of adult chum salmon on the Pacific side of Honshu Island, Japan.
Aerobic scope / Bioenergetic model / Habitat shift / Juvenile chum salmon / Metabolic rateView Article